Name Eng. Meaning Hindi Meaning Guj. Meaning
Daah burning, burning sensation, feeling or excessive heat, combustion, of cremation, cauterizing, internal heat, fever, setting on fire,
Daahan causing to burn or be burnt, reducing to ashes, cauterizing, burning, consuming by fire, scorching,
Daahin burning, setting on fire, tormenting, paining,
Daahya substance that can be burnt, inflammable, ability to burn. E.g. Wood is a daahya substance, burning, combustion, heat, place of cremation, glowing, redness of sky, cauterizing, cautery of a wound, internal hear, fever, setting on fire, firewood.
Daahya krut substance that was burnt, Substance that was getting burnt.
Daahyavat heated, on fire,
Daan donation, charity, my nature is full of super sensuous bliss and to offer it to my self and to keep it within me is the donation or charity to myself.
Daan tirth means of donation, channel of donation, medium of donation, Chanel of charity.
Daarun vidaaran intense knowledge about the differences bhed paadvano ugra abhyaas.
Daataa Who gives or donates; liberal, generous, charitable. m. donor. દાતા
Dabbo tin box, tin; metal container; railway carriage; time piece; kind of lamp; cattle pound; turban; mouthful, big morsel; foolish person, dunce.
Dah To burn, consume by fire, scorch, roast, to be consumed by internal heat origination grief, suffer pain, to destroy completely,
Dahan causing to burn, e.g. fire burns the wood, burning or being burnt; act of burning, combustion, consuming by fire, burning, scorching, destroying, thing causing to burn, baalanaar.
Dahan kriyaa act of burning; cremation
Dahanityataa combustibility,
Dahaniya combustible, burnt,
Dahanshil combustible
Dahantaa state of fire,
Dam restraint of mind.
Dankh sting, bite; hole in grain of corn due to rotting; scorpion's tail, poisonous sting; malice, rancor.
Darbaar royal court, assembly hall of the king.
Daridrataa pauperism, poverty, penury.
Darshan act of seeing; seeing or visiting idol with devotion, deity, sacred place or person; sight, appearance; system of philosophy; [Jain] taste, liking; faith, perception, generalized perception, Darshan is like shraddhan and is non relativistic in nature and is primary abstract comprehension. Darshan means Philosophy: There are nine philosophies in India. They are: Vedant, Mimaansak, Saankhya, Yog, Bauddh, Naiyaayik, Vaisheshik, Chaarvaak and Jain, visiting deity with devotion., observing, looking, observing with devotion, adoring, worshipping,
Darshan chetanaa having mode of the perception attribute is known as darshan chetnaa, object is getting perceived generally and without any discrimination is known as darshan chetanaa. When one is knowing a pot and now brings attention to another object. The time in between two events, there is general perception is perceived. and is known as darshan chetanaa. (jain siddhant prashnottarmaala q. 151)
Darshan moha right faith delusion state.
Darshan mohaniya karma right belief deluding karma
Darshan shaastra epistemology, philosophy, metaphysics. (metaphysics is the branch of philosophy with deals with the first principles of things which includes abstract concepts such as being, knowing,substance, cause, identity, time, and space.)
Darshan Upyog perception consciousness.
Darshanaachaar observation of right perception.
Das Dharma ten attributes virtues of the soul
Das praan ten vitalities, five senses, body, speech, mind, breathing and age.
Dashaa rag soaked in oil used for lubricating cart wheels; loose threads at end of garment; condition, state; position of planets affecting the fortunes of man; evil influence of planets; decline (of fortune); n. obsequial rite performed on the tenth day after person's death.
Daxa cleaver; skillful, expert; vigilant
Dayaa pity, compassion; mercy.
Dayaa dharm (religion enjoining, religious urge) pity towards all beings
Dedipyamaan shining brightly; blazing.
Dero tent; encampment, any temporary habitation.
Des pratyaksha partial direct.
Desh vrat further reduction of mobility as practiced in the Dig vrat.
Desh vyatirek Two substances are different so it is dravya vyatirek or desh vyatirek
Desha Charitra Partial conduct related with small vows
Desha Ghati Obscuring partially
Desha Ghati Spardhaka Karmic matter which obscures only partially
Deshaavaagaashik vrat day to day additional limitation vow, vow of keeping restriction in movement, food, eating, sensual pleasure etc to a limit.
Deshaavadhi very limited faculty of perceiving things beyond sense perception. Is able to apprehend only limited number of things within limited space and within a limited time. Two types: Bhav pratyay related to birth and gun pratyay related to psychic quality. Associted with man animals and infernal and celestial beings. Can be of six types: 1: anugaami following, 2: ananugami not following, 3: Vardhmaan growing, 4: hiymaan decreasing, decaying, 5: Avasthit limited or bounded, 6: anavasthit unlimited, indefinite.
Deshanaa Labdhi Listening to and grasping of the Jina's preaching. Further, where the grasping of and deliberation on Tattvas preached by Jinadeva (omniscient Lord) takes place attainment of this capacity is Deshana Labdhi (precept attainment). In hells, etc. where the instrumentality of (listening to) precepts is not possible, this capacity is evolved by virtue of impressions gained in the past birth. (Moksha Marg Prakashak 7th chapter-samyak sanmukh mithyadrasti), six substances, seven elements, path to salvation, knowledge of true omniscient lords enlightened true teachers and holy scriptures, knowledge of the self and alien things, censurable, knowable and wholesomeness types of inclinations taught by the Omniscient lords, true enlightened teachers is known as deshnaa and one who accepts in his knowledge these preachings and one who contemplates on these preachings is known as deshnaa labdhi. Deshnaa labdhi is the mode of the knowledge attribute. In deshanaa labdhi the living being: 1. Shravan -listens the discourses given by guru with discretion vivek. keep in mind about the four expositions and from which angle the discourse is given 2. Grahan -then he accept the advise and 3. Dhaaran -retains it.. 4. Vichaar -then he thinks on it. 5. Nirdhaar -then he makes firm determination about the nature of the reality Just by listening the discourses is not called deshanaa labdhi.
Dev god, celestial, deity, celestial living beings. They are mainly four types 1. Mansion dwelling celestial beings (Bhavanpati dev). 2. Wandering celestial beings (Vyantar dev). 3. Stellar celestial beings (Jyotistha dev). 4.Empyrean celestial beings (Vaimanic dev). Mansion dwelling celestial beings (Bhavanpati dev). i. 1.Fiendish youths -Asur kumar ii..2.Serpentine youths -Nag kumar. iii. Lightening youths -Vidyut kumar. iv. Vulturing youths -Suparna kumar. v. Fiery youths -Agni kumar. vi. Stormy youths -Vat kumar. vii.Thundering youths -Stanit kumar. viii.Oceanic youths -Udadhi kumar. ix. Island youths -Dwip kumar. x. Guardians of the cardinal points youths -Dik kumar. 2. Wandering celestial beings (Vyantar dev). 1.Deformed humans -Kinnara. 2.Deformed persons -Kinpuruss. 3.Great serpent -Mahorag. 4.Musician -Gandharva. 5.Treasure keeper -Yaksha. 6.Demon -Rakshasa. 7.Devil -Bhut. 8.Goblin -Pisacha. 3. Stellar celestial beings (Jyotistha dev). 1.Suns -Surya. 2.Moons -Chandra. 3.Planets -Graha. 4.Constellations -Nakshatra. 5.Scattered stars -Tara. 4.Empyrean celestial beings (Vaimanic dev). Mainly two types: 1.graded ones (Kalpopanna dev) and 2. non -graded ones (Kalpaatit dev). 1.graded ones (Kalpopanna dev) Here the celestial beings have various ranks such as Indra -chief, saamaanik -teacher, Traayashrinsh - ministers, Paarishad -courtiers, Atmaraksh -body guard, Lokpaal -police, Anik -army, Prakirnak -people, Aabhiyogya -conveyances, Kilvishik -servant grade (Ref: Gujarati mokshshaastra page 273 Adhyaay 4) They are sixteen types: 1. Righteous -Saudharma 2.Great lord -Isaana. 3.Perpetual youth -Sanatkumar. 4.Supreme lord -Mahendra. 5.Big lord -Brahma. 6.Super lord -Brahmottar. 7.Mysterious -Lantav. 8.Banyan -Kanistha. 9.Radiant -Sukra. 10.Supremely radiant -Mahaasukra. 11.Hundred faceted -Satar. 12.Thousand faceted -Sahasratar. 13.Bent -Aanata. 14.Prostrated -Praanat. 15.Beat -Arana. 16.Unswearning -Achyuta. 2. non -graded ones (Kalpaatit dev). There are twenty -three, as follows: Nine are neck dwellings (Nav Graiveyak). Three. Lower neck dwellings (Adho Graivayak) -Sudarshan -Amogh -Suprabudhdha Three. Middle neck dwellings (Madhya Graivayak) -Yasodhar -Subhadraa -Suvishaal Three. Upper neck dwellings (Urdhva Graiviyak) -Suman -Sumanashya -Pritinkar Nine subdirectional heavens (Anudis). 1.Aaditya 2.Archi 3.Aarchimaali 4.Vairochan 5.Prabhaas 6. Archiprabh 7. Archimadhya. 8.Archiraavart 9.Archivishishth. Five Excellents (Anuttar) and those five are as follows: 1.Victory -Vijay. 2.Victorious -Vaijayant. 3.Conquering -Jayant. 4.Unvanquished -Aparaajit. 5.Fully accomplished -Sarvaarthsiddhi
Dev darshan visiting idol with devotion.
Dev devi mundane deities.
Dev Dundubhi celestial drums
Devi heavenly fairies
Dhaam (place of) residence; house; holy place, place of pilgrimage; centre; resort, place
Dhaaraa flow, sequence as related to math.
Dhaaraa line of succession; row; stream, current, of liquid; shower (of rain).
Dhaaraavaahik gnaan Same knowledge keeps on coming again and again, continuous contemplation of anything.
Dhaarak holding; possessing, holder, possessor, one who makes it stable, one who remembers
Dhaaran act of holding; holding, possessing; being prop or support of. f. prop, support; patience; consolation; beam; gross weight (inclusive of container, packing, etc.). m. holder; support.
Dhaaran karvu getting engrossed. aatmaa e gnaan ne dhaaran karyu chhe.
Dhaaranaa retention of known object, this is one of the part of matignaan (there are four parts, this is one of them), five conceptual stages of meditation pindastha dhyan ki five dhaarnaa hai, parthvi, agneyi, vayvi, varuni and tatva roop vati, fixing attention on a single object, intention; mental retention, memory; idea; conjecture, fancy; holding, condition of recollection, a condition called sanskaar, concepts, five concepts dhaaranaa for procedural meditation, concentration of mind, with help of external things to concentrate the mind. Retaining, keeping back in memory, collection or concentration of mind, understanding, intellect, firmness, steadfastness, righteousness,
Dhaaranaatmak that whole nature consist in bearing itself. One who easily collects or composes himself.
Dhaaravu suppose, presume; desire; guess, conjecture; determine
Dhaatu [gram.] root of verb. f. mineral, metal; any one of the seven constituent elements of the body; semen virile.
Dhaatu grammatical root, verbal root
Dhairya courage; patience; steadiness; composure, calmness.
Dhalavu be inclined towards,
Dhandhero publication through a crier who beats a little drum; notification; proclamation (by ruler or government).
Dhanya happy, fortunate; blessed. int. bravo! well done!
Dhanyataa great good fortune
Dharma attribute, discrete element, religion, duty, merit, a kind of a substance, component elements, principle of motion, phenomena, property, unsubstantiality of things, virtue, predicate, doctrine, nirvikaar parinaam- passionless modification. knowledge, faith, conduct are the dharma of the soul and soul itself is dharmi, Dharma means present passionless state and the reason for it is the eternal knowledge of the soul, dharma means vartamaan vitraag dashaa uskaa kaaran trikaali gnaayak swarup uskaa kaaran parmaatmaa hai. Dharma means the real nature of an element. upyog is dharma and soul is dharmi. As the flame possesses the light, the soul possesses the upyog Dharma – Dhaari Raakheli Yogyataa, retention of ability, Retention of powers, Nature of the pure soul, aspects.(particular part or feature of some thing.), attributes and modes are known as dharma and soul is known as dharmi. Dharma – religion attributes, discrete element, duty, merit, component elements, principle of motion, phenomena, property, virtue, predicate, doctrine, ability. Dharma – righteousness, virtue, morality, the real nature of an element, attributes which are present in a substance, Attributes and modes are known as dharma. Shrimad Rajchandra Vachanaamrut page 761 refers to Ratnakand shraavakaachaar about “Dharma”. According to it: Dharma means: - one which keeps the soul in its innate nature-Innate nature of the soul is dharma. -One which keeps soul in the innate form and does not let it deviate to alien inclination is dharma. -With alien inclinations one ends up going to lower realms of existences. Dharma prevents this happenings and keeps one in his innate nature- Right faith, knowledge and conduct is dharma- Omniscient Lord says that the triple gem of right faith, knowledge and conduct is dharma -one having right faith and knowledge in six universal substances and therefore getting engrossed in the innate form is dharma - Dharma makes one to get out of the transmigratory sufferings and takes him to super sensuous bliss. Dharma - that which takes one to the desired goal is called virtue, duty, supreme forbearance etc ten virtues are known as dash dharma, medium of motion, that which includes kindness to all creatures, religion, righteousness, daily observance of religious rites, real nature of an element, one of the four essential duties of the householder, e.g. dharma, arth, kaam, and moksha., yogyataa, eligibility, ability, knowledge, faith or belief in the matter of morality, good behavior, death, life after death, God, etc.; religion; religious practices; merit or virtue; charity; duty, obligation; first of the four objects of life, property, quality, nature; name of Yudhisthira; Yama, God of death. Dharma means predicate, वस्तु का स्वभाव ही धर्म है। vastu naa anek dharm chhe
Dharma anuprekshaa contemplation of religion,
Dharma chakra reverential wheel related to samosaran.
Dharma dhyaan righteous meditation, spiritual contemplation, virtuous meditation, virtuous concentration, righteous concentration.
Dharma dhyan righteous meditation, religious meditation.
Dharma dravya medium of motion,
Dharma kartaa propagator of religion, the omniscient being,
Dharma lakshan basic characteristics of religion, nature of a substance.
Dharma mudhataa religious ignorance, silliness,
Dharma nirpextaa secular,
Dharma Pitaa Godfather
Dharma prabhavanaa propagation of religion,
Dharma swaakhyaat tatva truth proclaimed by religion,
Dharma swabhaaav the real essence of an element,
Dharmaanuraag religious zeal or devotion,
Dharmaastikaay medium of motion,
Dharmaatmaa pious, virtuous, (person).
Dharmaatmaa holy personage,
Dharmaatmak having attributes, soul having attributes. Anant dharmaatmak means soul having infinite attributes within.
Dharmabhushan Creator of scripture Nyaay dipikaa. He was there in about 13th or 14th century.
Dharmagna one who knows the religious principles and scriptures,
Dharmi religious person, substance, jisme dharma (swabhaav) paayaa jaataa hai vah dharmi hai. Dharmi saadhya dharm no aadhaar chhe.
Dharmopadesh preaching, religious sermon,
Dharmya virtuous, righteous, virtuous concentration, legal, legitimate, usual, customary, endowed with qualities,
Dhikkaar hatefulness,
Dhir courageous; steady; resolute; serious minded, sedate; undaunted, intrepid; persevering; wise. patience; confidence, trust.
Dhir gambhir clam and resolute.
Dhoop fragrant resin or gum, one of the eight worshipable articles.
Dhori chief, main; public, open to all; big. m. chief bullock; son.
Dhrovya mode of the constancy, in the mode of origination and cessation the substance’s sameness dravya ni saadrashtaa remains all the time is known as dhrovya, quality of being permanent, to consider permanence in the mode of origination and cessation. In this regard dhrovya is in the form of a mode, immovableness, firmness, Dhruv nu bhaav panu
Dhruv permanence. Constant, eternal.
Dhruv saamaanya eternal soul substance
Dhruv swabhaav eternal entity.
Dhruv vishesh present modification of eternal soul substance without any origination or cessation, kaaran suddh paryaay.
Dhumaado smoke; smoking fire; temper; pride.
Dhundhalu foggy; dim; dark. n. twilight.
Dhyaan meditation, contemplation; attention; concentration; one of the eight limbs or divisions of yoga, a state of quiescence wherein mind dissolves and becomes free of thoughts, mental concentration. meditative state, contemplation, reflection, contemplating the knowledge acquired is reflection. As such there is no difference between anuprexaa and dhyaan except for their fruition. In anuprexaa contemplation one contemplates on 12 bhaavnaas contemplations and with that one obtains indifferent type of attitude towards them. Those bhaavanaas are unitariness, transitoriness, separateness etc 12 types. In dhyaan, one takes his mind away from different objects and concentrates on one object only Chitt ne anek vishay mathi hataavine ek vishay ma sthir kari shakay chhe ( moksha shastra gujarati adhyay 9 page no. 590-591) Omniscient Lords who make a potential soul ( bhavya jiv) types of lotus flowers to become fully blown like a bright sun, have mentioned four types of meditations. They are pindastha, padastha, rupasth and rupaatit. (ref: Gnaanaarnav see the respective chapters starting from slok no. 1877-2111) The initial stage of meditation is with some short of support of some thing and then it leads to without any support-aalaamban se niraalamb dhyaan. The process is control from gross to fine reflective thoughts. In this sequence one will end up with knowledge of the reality. Nature of Dhyaan: There are various phases in meditation one should remember. They are: Chintan, anuprexaa, bhaavanaa. Please see the respective sections for details. In bhaavanaa there is less unsteadiness than anuprexaa. Anuprexaa has less unsteadiness than chintan. one keeps on reflecting the nature pure eternal soul then alien thoughts are getting removed. Only the finer thought process of the eternal soul remains. This state is known as dhyaan. One keeps on trying to remove even these finer reflective thoughts. The attentive consciousness is directed to the eternal true nature of the soul substance only. Here one still does not have experience the true nature of the soul yet. But one experiences extreme fine nature of the attentive consciousness and there is quietness of modifications. This is the nature of dhyaan. This will lead to samadhi. please see samaadhi for details. (Ref: Atmasiddhi vivechan By Shri Rakeshbhai part 4 page 36) Dhyaan itself is the path to salvation moksha marg Four types of meditation: 1: Aartra dhyaan-painful meditation, mournful concentration. Four types: (seen from 1st to 6th Spiritual development stages) a: separation from desired thing or person-isht vying b: getting undesired thing-anisht sanyog c: pain due to illness and concentration on how to remove it-Vedanta janya. d: hankering after enjoyment-nidaan janya. 2: Roudra dhyaan-violent concentration, cruel concentration. (seen from 1st to 5th Spiritual development stages) a: committing violence and to be happy about it-hinsaanandi b: lying and to be happy about it-mrushaanandi c: stealing and to be happy about it-chauryaanandi d: having greed and to be happy about it-parigrahaanandi 3: Dharma dhyan-righteous concentration, religious meditation, virtuous concentration. (seen from 6th to 7th Spiritual development stages) a: commandment concetration-aagnaa vichay. b: nature of defilement and how to get rid of it-apaay vichay c: concentration on karma frutiion-vipaak vichay d: concentration on nature of universe-sansthaan vichay 4: Shukla dhyaan-supreme and absolute meditation, (seen from 8-14 Spiritual development stages) 1: Pruthak vitarka-first part of absolute meditation. It occurs from 8th to part of 12th spiritual development stage. It occurs to the one having all three yog present. Over here word “vitark” means scriptural knowledge. One has to have complete scriptural knowledge at this point. scriptural knowledge and transient of thought process from one to another.-vitark and vichaar hoy chhe. Arth means aim. Substance and modes are included in this arth. Vyanjan means vachan.-spoken words. Yog-activity of mind speech and action. Sankraanti-changes. Arth, Vyanjan and Yog sankraanti is known as Vichaar. 2: Ekatva vitarka-second part of supreme meditation. It occurs on 12th Spiritual development stage-. With this meditation all four destructive karma come to an end. Out of three, one of the yog is present. One has to have complete scriptural knowledge at this point. Over here, there is scriptural knowledge but no Vichaar present. (see above about definition of Vichaar. In this stage, “Vitark” and “Avichaar” present. In this meditation, there is firmness of meditation-Dhyaan maa Dradhataa thaay chhe. 3: Sukshma Kriyaa pratipaati-Third type of absolute meditation. It is achieved at the end of 13th spiritual development stage. Mind and speech yog and coarse type of body yog are removed with the help of finer form of body yog. One with kaay yog has this meditation. 4: Vyuparat Kriyaa Nivrutti-fourth type of absolute meditation. Omniscient lord removes His association with mind speech and bodily action as well as breathing action come to an end. This happens to 14th spiritual development stage to omniscient lord. It is also known as sammuchchhin kriyaa nivrutti. One having no yog present at this stage. (Ref: Tattvaarth sutra, and sarvaarth siddhi, moksha shastra chapter 9, sutra 27-44, ). ચિંતન કરતા અનુપ્રેક્ષા અને અનુપ્રેક્ષા કરતા ભાવના માં ચંચળતા ઓછી છે
Dhyaanavist one who is doing meditation.
Dhyaataa concentrator, one who mediates or contemplates.
Dhyeya subject of meditation, worth contemplating, fit to be thought about closely. n. ideal; mark, aim, target, to be meditated on, fit for meditation, to be pondered or imagined
Didwakshaa inquisitiveness to see the world, bondage and liberation types oftwo things ( sankhya darshan)
Dig vrata not to go out of certain area throughout the life.
Digdaah redness of the sky after evening.
Digmudh surprised, dazed; confused, bewildered.
Dimak one type of red ant,
Dinacharyaa daily routine.
Dinataa poverty; wretchedness; helplessness.
Dipak that kindles, stimulates or brightens. m. lamp;
Dipraa drasti The achiever begins to consider religion dearer than his very life. He gets pleasure in devotion and begins to have vision for his goal.
Dirgh long, long (in time and space); (of vowel etc.)
Dirghaakshar long syllable.
Dishaa side, part; direction, quarter; way, path.
Divya heavenly, divine; wonderful; shining; beautiful. n. ordeal, testing the innocence or otherwise of person by water or fire.
Divya Dwani divine sound forming Omniscient’s preaching, divine voice, Omniscient revelation in the form of omkar sound, resonant preaching of Omniscient Lords, it is also known as saraswati, ambaa etc.
Dosha faults, defects, demerits.
Dradhataa strengthen, to make it firm, to make it solid
Drashtaa eyewitness.
Drashtaant example, illustration.
Drashti gochar perceptible by vision, perceptible with faith,
Drasti vision, view, site, faith, theory, doctrine, system, focus with right faith, understanding based on right faith.
Drasti apexa vision perspective, faith perspective.
Drasti Bhed differences in view or vision.
Drasti no vishay subject matter from faith perspectives,
Drasti pradhaan principally from faith perspectives.
Drasti shakti Power of vision
Drastibhed difference in vision, or view.
Drava punya the karmic matter facilitating the pleasures and merits.
Dravya substance, external, material, physical, money, wealth riches; material, matter; primary object.
Dravya aachaarya a preceptor,
Dravya aarop to characterize a matter in to another.
Dravya aasrav physical or material influx.
Dravya adhikaran physical stratum, support of a substance,
Dravya ansh part of a matter,
Dravya antar dissimilarity in form of matters,
Dravya anuyog one of the 4 expositions of Jainism dealing with substances and metaphysics
Dravya apratikraman reverential view for the accepted matters in the past. Dravya Apratikramaṇa It refers to the things and other living beings related with the Apratikramaṇa, {Apritikraman means The interaction with other living beings and things that happened in the past (for example, past events of vacationing, litigation, wedding, cooking, etc.); and the related psychic concern.}
Dravya aprtyaakhyaan lust or desire for illusive matters, It refers to the things and other living beings related with Apratyaakhyaan. {Apratyaakhyaan The interaction with other living beings and things likely to happen in the future (for example, events of vacationing, litigation, wedding, cooking, etc. likely to happen in the future); and the related psychic concern.}
Dravya avasann to become immoral (reg. a saint)
Dravya bandh objective bondage, physical bondage, physical binding,
Dravya bandhaaran constitution of a substance, substance’s make up.
Dravya bhaashaa lexical speech,
Dravya bhaav nature of a substance,
Dravya chhednaa knowledge of one matter gained by another one ( by penetration)
Dravya dharma nature of the substance, dravya panu,
Dravya dhyeya to concentrate mind on the virtuous matters.
Dravya drasti perspective from substantial point of view, substantive stand point, Soul substance as object of faith, substantive view point,,object of faith to be the soul substance, faith perspective, shraddha aspect, to perceive the substance from eternal pure perspective, knowledge mode has genuine knowledge for the mode still faith mode has put its pride in the true nature of the soul and surrendered its total self to the soul substance. Now it has given its self to the soul substance entirely. In its experience only the soul substance resides. This is dravya drasti, swabhaav drasti, bhutaarth aasray. ज्ञान पर्याय को पर्याय का यथार्थ ज्ञान होने पर भी श्रद्धा ने अपना अहं, द्रव्य में वसिर्जित किया है, समर्पित किया है। अब द्रव्य ही उसकी स्व है, उसकी अनुभूति में द्रव्य ही बसता है, वह स्वयं नहीं। यही द्रव्य दृष्टि है, स्वभाव दृष्टि है, भूतार्थ का आश्रय है। (naya rahashya, Abhaykumarji, page151)
Dravya guna common and specific virtues of a substance or matter.
Dravya hinsa material violence, external violence.
Dravya indriya physical senses,
Dravya karma material karma,
Dravya kashaay physical passions,
Dravya leshyaa physical aura, physical coloration, With rise of color body karma varna naam karma there is certain color of the skin of the body is known as dravya leshyaa.
Dravya leshyaa With the fruition of the passion karma, conciliation of the vibratory activity of the soul’s space point is known as bhaav leshyaa and body’s yellow, white red, black etc. coloration is known as dravya leshayaa કષાય ના ઉદય થી અનુરંજતિ યોગો ની પ્રવૃત્તિ; ને ભાવ લેશ્યા કહ છે અને તેની સાથે ના શરીર ના પતિ, કાપોત, રક્ત, શુક્લ વિગેરેવર્ણો ને દ્રવ્ય લેશ્યા કહ છે.
Dravya linga physical appearance of saint, external appearance, physical clad monks.
Dravya lingi muni The naked possessionless monks who have not attained right belief.
Dravya mal Eight material karma obscuring knowledge etc.
Dravya man objective mind,
Dravya moha physical delusion,
Dravya moksha actual separation of karma from soul, installation of supreme soul to adobe of siddha,
Dravya namaskaar physical bowing down, physical reverential greetings,
Dravya napunshak hermaphrodite,
Dravya naya physical standpoint, the vision drastic which accepts the general nature of a substance.
Dravya nibandhan binding of two matters,
Dravya nikshepa substantive installing e.g. the son of the king is been said as king., installation by substance.
Dravya nimitt physical cause e.g. karmic binding and fruition,
Dravya nimittak circumstantial transformation of matters, with material karma as instrumental cause there is anger etc passions occurring in soul.
Dravya nirgranth physically naked, with material detachment,
Dravya nirjara material shedding of karma, objective shedding, objective physical dissociation
Dravya nirjara material shedding of karma
Dravya paap sinful nature of material karma,
Dravya palya a time unit related to Jain philosophy, One yojan long, wide and deep ditch which is full of sheep’s hair pieces and take one such piece out every 100 years and time it takes to completely empty the ditch is one palya.
Dravya pane substance hood, substantiveness,
Dravya panu substance hood, substantiveness, substance by its nature, dravya dharma.
Dravya paraavartan cycle of matter
Dravya parivartan modification of material karma, cycle of matter,
Dravya parmaanu particles of matter.
Dravya paryaay modes of a substance, vyanjan paryaay. e.g. human, celestial modes etc. Vyanjan paryaay is also known as dravya paryaay (Panchaadhyaayi purvardh gatha 63), different forms of matters, (જૈન સદ્ધિાંત પ્રશ્નોત્તર માળા ભાગ 1, પ્રશ્ન 212), mode of the extension in to space attribute, mode of the extension in to space attribute due to which a given substance has some form of shape. Swabhaav vyanjan paryaay due to which the pure substance has a form e.g. the shape of the liberated soul. Vibhaav vyanjan paryaay due to which the transmigratory soul has a shape in the form of a given body. દ્ર્વ્યના પ્રદેશત્વ ગુણના વિશેષ કાર્ય ને વ્યંજન પયા>ય, દ્રવ્ય પયાર્ય કહે છે (જૈન સદ્ધિાંત પ્રશ્નોત્તર માળા ભાગ 1, પ્રશ્ન 212)
Dravya paryaay aarop treatment of modal appearance in to matter and matter in to modal appearance, from impure substantial partial point of view ashuddh dravyaarthic naya one mixes substance with mode and vice versa.
Dravya pooja physical worship, material worship.
Dravya praan material vitalities, physical vitalities essential to life. They are ten in numbers: five senses, mind, speech and body, breathing and ability to live aayush.
Dravya pramaan numerical measure of substances, starting from one atom to aggregate atoms to countable numbers, uncountable numbers and infinite numbers.
Dravya pratikraman reading pratkraman dandak etc, religious key lessons is called dravya pratikraman
Dravya pratyaakhyaan resolution for the renunciation of non acceptable matters.
Dravya pujaa physical worship with eight substances,
Dravya purush male by gender,
Dravya saamaayik physically avoiding all evils. not to have any reflective thoughts regarding conscious and non conscious substances.
Dravya sallekhanaa physical holy death by giving up food etc.
Dravya samvar material stoppage of karma, stoppage of karma influx,
Dravya samyag drasti one having keen desire and eligible talent for getting right perception,
Dravya sangrah a book written by Acharya Nemichand Siddhant Chakravarti, during year 900-1000. The critics is written in Sanskrit by Shri Brahmdevsuriji,
Dravya sansaar physical world,
Dravya Seva worshiping the Omniscient Lord, bowing down to the Lord, Worshiping the Lord, to sing the virtues of the Lord.
Dravya shakti substantial capacity,
Dravya shalya physical sting, physical thorn (related to karma)
Dravya shraman out worldly saints,
Dravya shrut scriptures, a type of scriptural knowledge, jinwaani, scriptural knowledge, sacred knowledge of the scriptures, sacred scriptures.
Dravya shuddhi to make the body pure with water etc means.
Dravya sparsh physical touch,
Dravya stava physical praising, act of eulogy,
Dravya stri female by gender,
Dravya stuti subjective eulogy, physical reverential greetings, dravya namaskaar.
Dravya swabhava nature of matters.
Dravya Swarup nature of a substance.
Dravya tirth places of pilgrimage.
Dravya uday physical fruition,
Dravya upachaar conventional usage of one matter for another.
Dravya upasham a type of subsidences(reg. matters).
Dravya upkram a type of upkram, a pursuance in accordance with natural matters,
Dravya vaad a doctrine of Sankhya philosophy,
Dravya vachan auspicious reflective thoughts, physical speech or pronunciation
Dravya ved something related to gender formation,
Dravya vichikitsaa physical disgust especially pertaining to excreta etc.
Dravya vishesha excellence of matter, in soul and matter non corporeal and corporeal types of specific attributes, excellence of thing given,
Dravya vyatirek Two substances are different so it is dravya vyatirek or desh vyatirek
Dravya yog vibration in soul’s space points owing to the physical activities, Vibratory activity of the space points of the soul.
Dravya yuti state of the unity of matters.
Dravya, kshetra, kaal ane bhaav Any given thing in the universe is having its own eternal existence with it’s own boundary to exert its own infinite powers. This is known as self quaternary of the substance, area, time and attributes. Dravya, kshetra, kaal, bhaav and bhav five types of transmigration.,
Dravyaantar different substance than the self. apne dravya se aneraa dravya.
Dravyaanuyog expositions related to metaphysics.
Dravyaarthic naya real aspect, substantial point of view
Dravyaarthik naya the partial point of view knowing the substance anshi ko jaannaa use dravyaarthink maya kahte hai. Here all the divisions bhed are secondary in nature. There is only indivisibility abhed considered, real aspect, general point of view. There are ten divisions of dravyaarthik naya: १:Karmopaadhi Nirpex shuddh Dravyaarthik Naya-The soul is associated with karma. This naya accepts such soul as to be the pure as siddh soul. In the present state the soul can be soiled with karma particles. In this state, one is having deluding state and inclination of attachment and aversions. soul thus is impure. This nana makes the impure form secondary and considers the eternal true nature of the self having infinite indivisible form of attributes within. In Samaysaar stanza 6, it is considered as separate from attentive (apramat) or non attentive (pramat) inclinations. In Niyamsaar 50th stanza it said that the eternal soul substance is separate from four inclination of suppression etc types. In stanza 14 Samaysaar it said that eternal soul substance is unbounded, untouched, (abaddhaspashta), non varying (ananya),steady (nitya), free from divisional form of attributes(avishesha), and uncombined (asanyukta). २:Utpaad Vyay Nirpex Sattaa graahak Shuddh Dravyaarthik Naya. This partial point of view naya makes the origination, cessation and constancy of the mode as secondary and makes the eternal soul substance as primary. Even though origination, cessation and constancy constitutes the substance, here those three forms are made secondary and only the eternal soul substance is considered as primary one. Every substance is having nature of eternal existence and this eternal existence comprises origination cessation and constancy as three subtypes. In this nay one considers eternal soul substance as primary and the three divisions are made secondary. ३: Bhed Kalpanaa Nirpex Shuddh Dravyaarthik Naya ४: Karmopaadhi Saapex Ashuddh Dravyaarthik Naya ५: Utpaad Vyay Saapex Ashuddh Dravyaarthik Naya ६: Bhed Kapanaa Saapex Ashuddh Dravyaarthik Naya ७: Anvay Dravyaarthik Naya ८: Swa Dravyaadi Graahak Dravyaarthik Naya ९: Param Dravyaadi Graahak DravyaarthikNaya १०:Param Bhaav Graahak Dravyaarthik Naya. Ref: Naya Rahashya By Abhaykumarji page 239
Dravyaashrit dependent on the substance.
Dravyaasray attributes related to matter
Dravyaatmak objective
Dravyabhut the attributes of a substance, substance with its attributes.
Dravyatva nature of the substance, nityataa ke saath parinamanshiltaa, dravyatva means substance’s own attributes, substantiality,
Dravyatva bhut attributes of a substance
Dravyatva guna substance hood attribute, substantiality attribute.
Dravyatva panu attributes of a substance.
Duh shruti evil hearing
Dukh pain, sorrow, unhappiness, grief; difficulty; trouble, suffering; sickness.
Dukhrup in the form of grief, in the form of unhappiness, in the form of suffering.
Dundubhi drum, sort of large kettle drum;
Durg fort, killo,
Durgandh odor.
Durgati being thrown into a lower region hell after death; bad state; trouble
Durjaya difficult to conquer.
Durlabh difficult to attain.
Durlabha scarse, rare.
Durnirvaar difficult to eradicate, difficult to remove.
Duruh goodh, gambhir, difficult, detail,
Dushkrutya wicked or evil act.
Duti light, દ્યુતિ; તેજ
Dvaita dual, duality, doctrine of duality, differences.
Dvaita bhaav spirit of duality.
Dvandv compound, compound word, in which two or more nouns are joined together, which standing by themselves would be in the same case connected by 'and'. n. pair, couple, twins; duel (combat); fight, quarrel.
Dvandv yuddha fight between two persons.
Dvandvaatit gone beyond, transcending, the pairs of opposites (like happiness and misery, sin and virtue, etc.). advait,
Dvandvatmak dialectical,1. relating to the logical discussion of ideas and opinions: dialectical ingenuity. 2 concerned with or acting through opposing forces: a dialectical opposition between social convention and individual libertarianism.
Dvesh antipathy, aversion, dislike.
Dwaadsaangi twelve parts of scriptural knowledge
Dwaar Paal door keeper, gate keeper, janitor.
Dwividh of two kinds, duality,
Dyotak making clear or manifest; illuminating, expressive, presenting, demonstrating,
Dyotan illuminator, to illuminate,
Dyotya illuminator, exhibitor, demonstrator, presenter,
Dyotya dyotak bhaav Relation between one enlightening and enlightened one. Relation between illuminating and illuminator.